Final Proposal Review – Lily, Jia

Modular Cells


final board copy IMG_4522 IMG_1819

Note: To see the board in details, please click on the image, then zoom-in for a high quality.



Focus on reaching the stiff structure


We can improve this in 2 ways; by adding more filling and by strengthen the edges. We will use scrap fabrics, which is stiffer, as 80% of our filling and have the fiberfills fill in at the top surface only. The edges will get sewed to create thicker seams to hold the shape.



Consider the use of pattern


The pattern won’t be on every surface anymore, but only at the middle unit instead. So, we reduced the pattern surfaces from 8 to 2. This way, we can save both time and cost from labor.



Consider the way of assembly to make the production process more efficient.


For the connection, we’re going to use a complete piece of fabric at the top, instead of joining 4 units together to make a complete module. Then we will attach the pattern surface on top of the middle unit. So now, we won’t need the extra strap to connect them anymore and it’s still foldable.



Screen Shot 2016-03-22 at 9.50.25 PM

Floor Cushions prototype – Lily, Jia

Floor Cushions


Production Process


Fabric sourcing: 15 min


Cutting fabric (prepare for laser cutter): 30min


Laser cutting: 15 min


Smocking: 1 hr 44 min


Connecting surfaces (sewing): 1 hr 35 min


Sewing velcro: 5 min


Adding filling: 40 min


Project Budget & Target Price point


  • Fabric: no cost (donated)
  • Filling: no cost (scrap fabric, dolls’ filling(donated))
  • Velcro (3/4″ – 5 yards): $6.25
  • Sewing thread (2-pk): $3.49

Total: $9.74

Labor (per set (2 modules))

  • Fabric sourcing: 15 min – $3
  • Cutting fabric (prepare for laser cutter): 30min – $6
  • Laser cutting: 15 min – $3
  • Smocking: 1 hr 44 min – $21.6
  • Connecting surfaces (sewing): 1 hr 35 min – $19
  • Sewing velcro: 5 min – $6.25
  • Adding filling: 40 min – $8

Total: $66.85

*Based on minimum wage in San Francisco: $12.25/hr

Total budget: $76.59

($9.74 + $66.85)


Target price: $150


Physical Prototyping & Sketches


Top – soft surface with the pattern


Side – denim with attached velcro


Bottom – durable surface



Changing the seam edges to hide the sewing lines

Midterm Review_Lily-Jia

Modular Cells

Wimalin (Lily) Suklar | Jia Zhao






Study models/patterns



First Prototypes – form and pattern



Q. How it is going to be manufactured by Goodwill? Since the materials and resources are limited and various.

A. The module can be combined within a color palette and with the same type of fabrics. We are going to set a template of colors and materials as a guide and an instruction of how to assemble the module or seat. This way the Goodwill workers can follow along and reproduce the product.

Q. Think about the usage of each pattern; different patterns can work ergonomically for different parts of human body.

A. We are going to combined different patterns based on ergonomic of human body. For example, the puffy pattern will make you feel comfortable, while the stiff pattern is for structural purpose.

Q. How will it get assemble? what is the connection? How will it transform from one furniture to another?

A. For now, we are going to attach buttons or zippers at the edges of the module as our connection. In that case, the flexibility of the joint will allow people to assemble and transform the furniture under a certain instruction.

Technique Experimentation

Initial Experimentation

Examples of transformational techniques in which explored in texture/pattern, volume/dimensionality, and light/density.


Heating – heat gun and iron



Heating – heat gun with threading technique to stop the burnt



Cutting and folding


IMG_1028IMG_1036 IMG_1037



Finalize Experimentation

These are the techniques that I am most interested in exploring.

IMG_1100 IMG_1101

Heating – the form could be achieve by putting something underneath the fabric. Then use a heat gun to heat up the fabric.


IMG_1109 copyIMG_1107



IMG_1110 IMG_1111 copy

Cutting and folding – stuffed with filling and attached each module together to create a new usable object.

In this test, I was trying different filling types and the angles of attaching. It is also the technique that I decided to work on through out the semester. The end result is going to be a furniture that has different scaled modules to support human ergonomic. Also, it is foldable in some parts, therefore the users can use it to serve various activities. I will cooperate other types of fabric into the piece and also thinking more about the types of user.